An Economic Vulnerability Index: Its Design and Use for International Development Policy Patrick Guillaumont To cite this version: Patrick Guillaumont. Researchers will need to consider additional ethics concerns or issues arising from working with potentially vulnerable people. Larger software footprints likely mean greater persistence and prevalence. Economic vulnerability and… Economic vulnerability and payment for research participation Luke Gelinas (Former Senior Researcher), Sarah White, Barbara Bierer L’archive ouverte pluridisciplinaire HAL, est destinée au dépôt et à la diffusion de documents scientifiques de niveau recherche, publiés ou non, émanant des établissements d’enseignement et de recherche français ou étrangers, des laboratoires publics ou privés. About the research . 2008/55 Economic Vulnerability and Resilience Concepts and Measurements Lino Briguglio, Gordon Cordina, Nadia Farrugia, and Stephanie Vella* May 2008 Abstract In this paper, economic vulnerability is defined as the exposure of an economy to exogenous shocks, arising out of economic openness, while economic resilience is … Economic vulnerability occurs when individuals' economic situation may make them vulnerable to the prospect of free medical care and/or the payments issued for participating in the study. World gross national income per capita. (3)Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA. Economic vulnerability and payment for research participation. This section details on the determinants of economic vulnerability to health shocks faced by households . Researchers studying the economic impacts of disasters have tended to focus on units of analysis that are larger than individual firms and enterprises, such as community and regional economies. In response to the need expressed by the UN General Assembly, an economic vulnerability index (EVI) has been defined by the Committee for Development Policy. Economic vulnerability refers to risks caused by external/exogenous shocks to system of production, distribution and consumption. In this paper, economic vulnerability is defined as the exposure of an economy to exogenous shocks, arising out of economic openness, while economic resilience is defined as the policy-induced ability of an economy to withstand or recover from the effects of such shocks. Drawing on various fields ranging from happiness, economics to stress research, it integrates assessments from objective and subjective measurement perspectives. It is important that the payment offered will not encourage an individual to put themselves at a greater risk than they would otherwise. economic vulnerability and extends research work carried so far towards developing a conceptual and methodological framework for the definition and measurement of economic resilience. Vulnerability assessment has many things in common with risk assessment. Only a little over 10 percent of people in Japan, for instance, rate as economically vulnerable. An Economic Vulnerability Index: Its Design and Use for International Devel-opment Policy. Economic vulnerability and payment for research participation. Vulnerability from the perspective of disaster management means assessing the threats from potential hazards to the population and to infrastructure. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Research Paper No. Economic vulnerability. Author information: (1)Advarra IRB, Columbia, MD, USA. Taking China as a case, this subnational scale study shows that economic development is correlated with the significant reduction in human fatalities but increase in direct economic losses … REGIONAL IMPACTS OF AND VULNERABILITIES TO CLIMATE CHANGE 18 4.1 Africa 18 4.2 Asia 20 4.3 Latin America … Between 2017 and the beginning of 2020, the different models had followed a common, slowly increasing trend of higher vulnerability. The seminar will examine "Economic Vulnerability of Women in Agriculture: Evidence from various rounds of National Sample Surveys in India." RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Vulnerability of eco-environmental health to climate change: the views of government stakeholders and other specialists in Queensland, Australia Linn B Strand1, Shilu Tong1*, Rosemary Aird2, David McRae3 Abstract Background: There is overwhelming scientific evidence that human activities have changed and will continue to change the climate of the Earth. It will also help shape a framework for evaluating public investment projects tailored to the Saudi economy’s specific characteristics. As documented in Kitao and Mikoshiba (2020), the Japanese labour market is characterised by a peculiar distinction in employment types, and consists of a combination of regular (seiki) and contingent (hiseiki) workers. JEL Code: Q54, Q57, Q10, Q23, Q25, I10 Key words: climate change, adaptation, local vulnerability, vulnerability index, agriculture, coastal areas, forests, water resources, health . Economic vulnerability in Australia, 2002–12: an employment perspective . The Economics Department (ECON) of the European Investment Bank (EIB) developed an index based on a small set of economic indicators to rate countries’ vulnerability to the crisis caused by COVID-19 pandemic. abroad, or from public or private research centers. 1 1. ASSESSING THE IMPACTS OF, AND VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION TO, CLIMATE CHANGE 13 3.1 Information gathering – data, systematic observation and monitoring 13 3.2 Information analysis – reporting of impacts, vulnerability and adaptation 15 IV. III. The paper briefly reviews the work already carried out on economic vulnerability and extends the research … Economic vulnerability arises when prospective subjects are disadvantaged in the distribution of social goods and services (income, housing, or healthcare). We defined 3 risk categories to estimate the economic vulnerability of households: (1) low household income (below $40 000); (2) uninsurance (at least 1 person in the household is uninsured); and (3) household presence of 1 or more persons aged 65 years or older. Michelle Circelli and John Stanwick, NCVER . Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download. Learn more in: Investigating the Economic Vulnerability Factors of Emerging Markets After the Global Financial Crisis of 2008 With … Vulnerability may be defined in different ways and may arise as a result of being in an abusive relationship, vulnerability due to age, potential marginalisation, disability, and due to disadvantageous power relationships within personal and professional roles. The base scenario refers to no health shock reported by the household. Vulnerability can mainly be broken down into 2 major categories, economic vulnerability, based on socioeconomic factors, and geographic vulnerability. Our research network has been investigating the vulnerability and adaptive capacity of socio-ecological systems in water-scarce territories of Brazil that are severely affected by droughts, through its Integrative Socio-ecological Security Research Project (PI-SSA, in Portuguese). No registration is required. There is mounting evidence of pollinator decline all over the world and consequences in many agricultural areas could be significant. This paper focuses on one aspect of disadvantage in regions , namely, economic vulnerability , using a series of simple indicators of labour market change over a ten-year period, 2002—12. Workers in the latter group are more prone to displacement, especially when the economy falls into a recession. (2)Multi-Regional Clinical Trials Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. (4)Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. This book offers an interdisciplinary analysis of the experience of economic vulnerability among older adults. empirical research on vulnerability to climate change. Research covering sub-national climate-related natural disasters is indispensable to obtaining a comprehensive understanding of the effect of regional economic growth on vulnerability reduction. Luke Gelinas, Sarah A White, and Barbara E Bierer. This report is part of a research project funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) (2008-2010) and the Australian Government, AusAID (under the Australian Development Research Awards 2008) (2008-2011), looking at gender and social protection effectiveness in Latin America, Sub Saharan Africa, South Asia and Southeast Asia. Social vulnerability research has become a deeply interdisciplinary science, rooted in the modern realization that humans are the causal agents of disasters – i.e., disasters are never natural, but a consequence of human behavior. Sufia Rehman, Mehebub Sahana, Haoyuan Hong, Haroon Sajjad, Baharin Bin Ahmed, A systematic review on approaches and methods used for flood vulnerability assessment: framework for future research, Natural Hazards, 10.1007/s11069-018-03567-z, (2019). Participation in research offers the possibility of payment or attainment of healthcare DFID funded the primary research in … The index covers countries outside the European Union and helps give an idea of the regions that need the most help. The present paper, which refers to this index, first examines how a structural economic vulnerability index can be designed for the low-income countries in particular. Clinical Trials 0 10.1177/1740774520905596 Download Citation. The seminar will take place at the Seminar Room#5, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto and will run from 3.45 to 5.15pm on 17 April. Children—particularly those at greatest risk of economic vulnerability—need support at this unprecedented time. Finally, we shed light on socioeconomic status as one of the potential channels behind this vulnerability. It may be conducted in the political, social, economic or environmental fields. The results of both pooled model as well as three level random intercept logit model are presented for comparison. Economic vulnerability to health shocks. research, literature review, case studies and expert interviews. We assessed these consequences by measuring 1) the contribution of insect pollination to the world agricultural output economic value, and 2) the vulnerability of world agriculture in the face of pollinator decline. Gelinas L(1)(2), White SA(2), Bierer BE(2)(3)(4). This research aims to assess the opportunity costs of Saudi energy resources, to inform Saudi Arabia’s economic decision-making. This suggests a different answer to our first research question: while vulnerability characteristics are not related to localized persistence, they do play a role in cases of global persistence. Economic vulnerability arises when prospective subjects are disadvantaged in the distribution of social goods and services (income, housing, or healthcare). This presentation makes an attempt to understand the economic vulnerability … “Economic vulnerability,” the new OECD research shows, varies widely within the developed world. We also define youth economic vulnerability in the work setting and investigate its symptoms in the Egyptian labor market including forms of precarious employment (such as informality and irregular work). Vulnerability by employment type, gender, and education. 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